For the assessment and contrast of nonsouthern lynching and southern lynching, see Pfeifer, ed., Lynching beyond Dixie.

For the assessment and contrast of nonsouthern lynching and southern lynching, see Pfeifer, ed., Lynching beyond Dixie. The Cattle Towns (New York, 1968) for the view that the West was not especially violent, see Robert R. Dykstra. For a characterization of the debate decades that are several, see Robert R. Dykstra, “Quantifying the crazy West: […]